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Animals: IMPALA

 
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Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus
           
 
 
Habitat requirements    
Impala prefer transitional zones between grassland and denser woodland,  Well-drained soil with firm footing and a moderate slope is preferred.  Impala usually live near water.
 
Food preference    

Impala are mixed feeders, feeding on both grass and browse selectively.  Grasses are usually only grazed when growing.  Leaves, herbs, shoots and seedpods form an important part of their diet, especially in wintertime when the grasses are dry.  The fine twigs and leaves of Acacia spp are a common item in their diet.  The fine twigs and leaves of Combretum, Grewia spp Ziziphus spp, Maytenus spp, and a variety of other browse plants are also eaten.  Common grass species eaton by the impala include Digitaria eriantha, Themede triandra, Cynodon dactylon, Urochloa mosabiscensis and Panicum maximum.  Impala have a tendency to congregate on heavily over-utilised veld with a high compositon of increaser 2 species.  Impala are rarely found in areas where decreaser grass species are dominant

 
Water requirements    
Impala are water dependent, utilising approximately 2.5 litres per day
 
Minimum viable group size    
22
 
Sex ratio    
One male to every four females
 
Herd population growth per annum    
35 percent
 
Life span    

12 years