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Animals: WHITE RHINO

 
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White rhinoceros - Ceratotherium simum
           
 
 
Habitat requirements    
The white rhinoceros has four basic habitat requirements, namely areas of short grass, the availability of water for drinking and in which to wallow, adequate bush cover and relatively flat terrain. Wooded grassland interspersed with wide open bush with palatable grasses, together with a supply of sweet water will provide conditions in which the white rhinoceros will flourish. Shade is an essential requirement
 
Food preference    

White rhinoceros feed on the more palatable broad-leaved grasses such as Panicum maximum, Digitaria eriantha, Urochloa mossambicensis, Sporobolus nitens, Dactyloctenium aegyptium and Themba triandra. Grasses with a leaf height of less than 400 mm is preferred and can graze tufts of grass down to 30 mm above the ground.

 
Water requirements    
The white rhinoceros is dependent on water and will drink up to 72 litres per day if water is available. White rhinoceros are, however, capable of going without water for up to four days.
 
Minimum viable group size    
6
 
Sex ratio    
One male for every two females.
 
Herd population growth per annum    
10 percent
 
Life span    

45 years

The white rhinoceros is a bulk grazer and therefore would be a real asset to the reserve in order to establish the correct ratio of bulk to selective grazers. The habitat is suitable and preffered grass species of the white rhinoceros are relatively abundant on the reserve.